Causes of Mental Disorders: Albee's Diathesis-Stress Model

 

 

                                       Stress + Diathesis (Organic Vulnerability + push)

  Mental Disorder =   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                      Coping Skill + Social Support + Self-Esteem

 

 

 

             1. Stress = Psychosocial Factors

 

                        +

 

2. Organic Vulnerability = Biological Factors (genetic “push”)

 

 

     -------------------------------------------------------------------------------  if > 1 = Disorder

 

1. Coping Skill = Adaptive Responses

 

                        +

 

2. Social Support = Interpersonal Network

 

                        +

 

3. Self-Esteem = Sense of Competence and Worthiness